• Individualizing Treatment

Cancer Therapy

Cancer is indeed one of the deadliest issues which the individuals go through. Cancer treatment in a patient with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy is known as cancer therapy. For some cancer forms, targeted therapy is also available. A cancer patient may get various treatments, including ones aimed at alleviating cancer symptoms such as pain.


Causes:

Cancer has various causes, some of which are preventable.

  • In addition to smoking, the following are cancer risk factors:
  • drinking a lot of alcohol
  • excessive body fat
  • a lack of physical activity
  • malnutrition

Symptoms:

Cancer's signs and symptoms vary depending on which region of the body is afflicted.

The following are some generic indications and symptoms that are linked to cancer but are not specific to it:

  • Fatigue
  • Under the skin, there is a lump or a thickening that can be felt.
  • Weight fluctuations, such as unintentional weight loss or gain
  • Skin changes such as skin yellowing, darkening or redness, open wounds that don't heal, or changes to existing moles are signs of a problem.
  • Changes in the way you eat or how you use the bathroom
  • Coughing that won't go away or problems breathing.
  • Swallowing problems
  • Hoarseness
  • Consistent indigestion or pain following a meal
  • Muscle or joint discomfort that is persistent and undiagnosed
  • Fevers or night sweats that don't go away or aren't explained
  • Bleeding or bruising that isn't explained.

Therapies include:

1. Chemotherapy 

Chemotherapy is a term that refers to the use of medications to kill cancer cells. The medicines can be either orally or injected into a blood vessel (IV). Different types of drugs might be administered together or one after the other.

2. Radiation

Radiation therapy kills cancer cells by using x-rays, particles, or radioactive seeds. Cancer cells proliferate and expand at a greater rate than healthy cells in the body. Radiation therapy harms cancer cells more than normal cells because radiation is most destructive to rapidly developing cells. This stops cancer cells from multiplying and increasing, resulting in cell death.

Radiation therapy is divided into two types:

The beam from the outside This is the most typical variant. It uses x-rays or particles from outside the body to target the tumour.

Internal strut. This type of radiation enters your body. It can be administered using radioactive seeds implanted in or near the tumour, a liquid or pill you consume, or a vein infusion (intravenous or IV).

3. Targeted Therapies 

Drugs are used in targeted therapy to inhibit cancer from developing and spreading. It accomplishes this with fewer side effects on normal cells than other treatments.

Chemotherapy kills cancer cells while also killing some healthy cells. In cancer cells, targeted treatment focuses on specific targets (molecules). These receptors are involved in cancer cell growth and survival. The medication inhibits cancer cells using these targets, preventing them from spreading.

4. Immunotherapy 

Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses the body's natural ability to fight infection (immune system). It employs chemicals produced by the body or in a lab to aid the immune system in fighting cancer by making it operate harder or more precisely. This aids in the removal of cancer cells from your body. 

5. Hormone Replacement Therapy

Breast, prostate, and ovarian cancers are all fueled by hormones; hence hormone treatment is utilized to treat them. It stops or blocks the body's natural hormones using surgery or medicines. The proliferation of cancer cells is slowed as a result of this. The ovaries or testes, which produce hormones, are removed during surgery. Injections or pills are used to administer the medications.

6. Laser Therapy

To kill cancer cells, laser treatment uses a highly narrow, focused beam of light. Laser therapy can be used for a variety of purposes, including:

  • Tumors and precancerous growths must be destroyed.
  • Tumors that are blocking the stomach, colon, or oesophagus can be shrunk.
  • Assist in the treatment of cancer symptoms such as bleeding.

7. Photodynamic Therapy 

A person receives a shot of a medication sensitive to a specific type of light in photodynamic treatment. The medicine lasts longer in cancer cells than in healthy cells. The doctor then uses a laser or another form of light to target the cancer cells. The treatment is transformed into a chemical that kills cancer cells when exposed to sunlight.

8. Cryotherapy 

This procedure, also known as cryosurgery, employs freezing gas to freeze and kill cancer cells. It's occasionally used to treat cells on the skin or cervix that could turn into cancer (called precancerous cells). Cryotherapy can also be delivered to tumours inside the body.When it comes to such a serious problem like cancer, it surely is something to seriously and get in touch with the expert such as Dr. Prachi Benara.



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