Egg freezing is also considered oocyte cryopreservation. It is one way of saving the ability of women from getting pregnant in the future. Harvested eggs from ovaries are frozen in an unfertilized and kept for use later. It could be mixed with sperm and inserted into the uterus. A doctor helps in comprehending the process of egg freezing, the risk, and if the process of fertility preservations is applicable for you based on needs and the history of reproduction.
Why it's done: It is considered as another option for getting pregnant. Freezing of an egg doesn't need the sperm because fertilization doesn't occur before it is frozen. Like embryo freezing, using fertility drugs is required for ovulation so that multiple eggs can be produced for retrieval. Egg freezing can be considered in the following terms:
There is the various risk that freezing of egg carries like:
The complications of egg retrieval procedure: Due to the usage of aspirating needles, it can occur the problem of bleeding, infection, bladder, and blood vessels.
The risk of emotion: It can give the hope of getting pregnant in the future, but there is no surety of success. If frozen eggs are used to get a baby, the miscarriage risk will be dependent on age. When it gets frozen, older people face higher rates of miscarriages due to having older eggs.
How you prepare: If you want your eggs to be fertilized, search for a professional clinic. Professionals are also called reproductive endocrinologists. Keeping in mind that success in a clinic depends on many factors, such as the number of treating aged women. If the cost of the overall expenses bothers you, then ask for the price involved with each step of the process and the storage of annual fees. Before beginning with the process of egg fertilizations, some screening of the blood test includes:
Egg retrieval: It is done by using sedation in a doctor's clinic. One of the common approaches is an aspiration of transvaginal ultrasound, while the ultrasound probe is put inside the vagina to identify the follicles. A needle is introduced into the vagina as well as inside a hair. At the same time, a hand is connected with a suction device for removing the egg from the follicle. According to studies, the more eggs can be removed; there are more chances of giving birth. After removing the egg, there might be some cramping, and it will continue for weeks due to the enlargement of the ovaries.
Freezing: After collecting unfertilized eggs, they are kept in low temperatures for preservation in future purposes. It becomes difficult to freeze the egg which is unfertilized than the egg which is fertilized. Verification is the process of freezing eggs due to high concentration substances, which helps prevent ice crystals, while freezing is used with rapid cooling.
After the procedure: You can start doing your normal activities after a week of egg removal. Avoid doing sex without having protection which can lead to an unintended pregnancy. Health care should be contacted if you have:
While using your frozen eggs, there is fertilizations with laboratory sperm and inserted into the uterus of gestational carriers. There is a recommendation from the health care team regarding using fertilization, called intracytoplasmic sperm injection, where one healthy sperm is inserted into one mature egg. There are 30 to 60 per cent chances of getting pregnant after implantation, which is based on the egg at the time of freezing eggs.
Dr. Prachi Benara, who is a skilled infertility specialist, and has an experience of 10+ years in this field can give you effective solutions for the same.
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